PANETH, FRIEDRICH ADOLF (1887–1958), Austrian physical and radioactivity chemist. Paneth, a son of Joseph Paneth, a physiologist who discovered certain histological cells which still bear his name, was born in Vienna. Both his parents were born Jews, but they brought up their children as Protestants. Paneth worked from 1912 to 1917 at the Institute for Radium Research in Vienna, where with the Hungarian chemist George Hevesy he carried out the first use of radioactive tracers to measure physical properties. From 1918 he held professorships successively at the Prague Institute of Technology, and Hamburg, Berlin, Koenigsberg universities. When the Nazis came to power in 1933 he went to London, where he worked first at the Imperial College and then as reader in atomic chemistry in the University of London. In 1939 he was appointed professor of chemistry at Durham University, where he remained for 14 years. During this time he was chairman of the chemistry division of the British Canadian atomic energy team in Montreal (1943–45). In 1947 he was elected a fellow of the Royal Society. On his retirement from Durham in 1953 he returned to Germany as director of the Max Planck Institute for Chemistry at Mainz. Paneth's prolific output of scientific papers dealt mainly with radioactive tracers, free radicals, and neutron radiation. He developed new methods for the analysis of helium and used them to determine the age and origin of meteorites. His books include Radio-Elements as Indicators, and Other Selected Topics in Inorganic Chemistry (1928) and The Origin of Meteorites (1940). -BIBLIOGRAPHY: H. Dingle et al. (eds.), Chemistry and Beyond (1964); H.J. Emeléus, in: Royal Society of London, Biographical Memoirs, 6 (1960), 227–46; Chemiker-Zeitung, 81 (1957), 618. (Samuel Aaron Miller)

Encyclopedia Judaica. 1971.

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  • Paneth, Friedrich Adolf — ▪ Austrian chemist born Aug. 31, 1887, Vienna, Austria died Sept. 17, 1958, Vienna       Austrian chemist who with George Charles de Hevesy introduced radioactive tracer techniques (1912–13).       Paneth, the son of noted physiologist Joseph… …   Universalium

  • Friedrich Adolf Paneth — Friedrich Adolf (Fritz) Paneth (* 31. August 1887 in Wien; † 17. September 1958 ebenda) war ein deutsch österreichischer Chemiker. Er war der Sohn des Physiologen Joseph Paneth. Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 Leben und Werk 2 Ehrungen 3 …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Paneth — Paneth,   Friedrich Adolf, österreichischer Chemiker, * Wien 31. 8. 1887, ✝ Mainz 17. 9. 1958; Professor in Berlin (1922 29), Königsberg, London (1933 39) und Durham; ab 1953 Leiter des Max Planck Instituten für Chemie in Mainz. Paneth arbeitete… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Paneth — ist der Familienname folgender Personen: Farkas Paneth (1917–2009), rumänischer Tischtennisspieler und trainer Friedrich Adolf Paneth (1887–1958), deutsch österreichischer Chemiker Joseph Paneth (1857–1890), österreichischer Physiologe,… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Friedrich Paneth — Infobox Scientist name = Friedrich Adolf Paneth image width = caption = birth date = birth date|1887|8|31 birth place = Vienna, Austria Hungary residence = nationality = death date = death date and age|1958|9|17|1887|8|31 death place = Mainz,… …   Wikipedia

  • Fritz Paneth — Friedrich Adolf (Fritz) Paneth (* 31. August 1887 in Wien; † 17. September 1958 ebenda) war ein deutsch österreichischer Chemiker. Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 Leben und Werk 2 Ehrungen 3 Hauptwerke 4 Literatur …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Joseph Paneth — (1857 1890) was an Austrian physiologist from Vienna. He was a professor at the Universities of Breslau and Vienna. He was the father of chemist Friedrich Adolf Paneth (1887 1958).Paneth is remembered for his description of the eponymous Paneth… …   Wikipedia

  • Joseph Paneth — (* 6. Oktober 1857 in Wien; † 4. Jänner 1890 ebenda) war ein österreichischer Physiologe und Erstbeschreiber der nach ihm benannten Paneth Zellen. Er ist der Vater des Chemikers Friedrich Adolf Paneth. Paneth arbeitete in Ernst Brückes… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Liste der Biografien/Pan–Par — Biografien: A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Liste der Wiener Persönlichkeiten — Bekannte Wiener Persönlichkeiten A Carlo Abarth, in Italien lebender österreichischer Automobilrennfahrer und Tuner Emil Abel, Chemiker Othenio Abel, Paläontologe und Evolutionsbiologe Walter Abish, US amerikanischer Schriftsteller Kurt Absolon,… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

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